Many transitions have taken place or are currently in progress, but they don’t necessarily lead to a more sustainable society, ecology and economy. The transitions approach proposes that so called ‘wicked’ problems that persist over time require a fundamental change in the structures, cultures and practices of a societal system for the system to become more sustainable.
A sustainability transition is defined as a “radical transformation towards a sustainable society, as a response to a number of persistent problems confronting contemporary modern societies” (Grin et al 2010). These seemingly intractable problems are prominent in all kinds of sectors. In order to guide change towards social and ecological sustainable development it is crucial that we are capable of analysing our current practices so we may learn to recognize and implement new opportunities and structures.